Effects of climate change on human health pdf Culture

effects of climate change on human health pdf

Impacts on Human Health SpringerLink Increased exposure to multiple health threats, together with changes in sensitivity and the ability to adapt to those threats, increases a person’s vulnerability to climate-related health effects. The impacts of climate change on human health interact with underlying health, demographic, and socioeconomic factors.

The impacts of climate change on food security and health

Globalization Climate Change and Human Health NEJM. issues [notably ENSO and health products] (3) effects on health and productivity in the workplace [notably heat health]. 1. Climate Services for Health: Improving Public Health Decision Making in a new climate [case studies] Climate services are mission-oriented processes driven by societal needs, which result in the, climate change will likely increase the number of people suffering from illness and injury due to floods, storms, droughts, and fires, as well as allergies and infectious diseases. This fact sheet describes some of the key ways in which climate change is expected to affect people’s health. Climate Change . and. Health Effects.

climate change will likely increase the number of people suffering from illness and injury due to floods, storms, droughts, and fires, as well as allergies and infectious diseases. This fact sheet describes some of the key ways in which climate change is expected to affect people’s health. Climate Change . and. Health Effects due to human activity. It is also becoming clear that climate change will affect health.This effect will be felt more strongly in some countries than others but there is a clear need to understand the likely effects in the UK in order to develop strategies to mitigate such effects and to understand

due to human activity. It is also becoming clear that climate change will affect health.This effect will be felt more strongly in some countries than others but there is a clear need to understand the likely effects in the UK in order to develop strategies to mitigate such effects and to understand an impediment to continued health improvements in many parts of the world. If economic growth does not benefit the poor, the health effects of climate change will be exacerbated. In addition to their implications for climate change, essentially all the important climate-altering pollutants (CAPs) other than

temperate climates and increased food production in certain areas, the overall health effects of a changing climate are likely to be overwhelmingly negative on human. Climate change affects social and environmental determinants of health – clean air, safe drinking water, sufficient food and secure shelter. Impacts of Climate Change on Human, Animal and Plant Health Adapting to Climate Change Maria Pittman Unit D1 – Animal Health & Standing Committees EU Health Policy Forum Brussels, 14 May 2009. Commission Staff Working Document Modelling of health effects such as forecasting of heat waves

Global climate change is one of a larger set of large-scale environmental changes occurring in today’s world. These changes reflect, in various ways, the increasing human domination of the ecosphere, as human numbers continue their unprecedented expansion and as human economic activities intensify (Vitousek et al., 1997). 06.10.2005 · Interview with Dr. Paul Epstein on the effects of climate change on human health. (06:46) Download. In 1998, Hurricane Mitch dropped six feet of rain on Central America in three days. In its wake, the incidence of malaria, dengue fever, cholera, and leptospirosis soared.

due to human activity. It is also becoming clear that climate change will affect health.This effect will be felt more strongly in some countries than others but there is a clear need to understand the likely effects in the UK in order to develop strategies to mitigate such effects and to understand The effects of temperature on human health Tiina 1,2M Ikäheimo , Ph.D., Adjunct professor 1Center for Environmental andRespiratory Health Research, WHO Collaborating Center in Global Change, Environment and Public health, University of Oulu 2Institute ofHealth Sciences, University Oulu Photo: Ilpo Okkonen Oulu 28.10. 2014

climate change and health 61 Introduction 61 Tasks for public health scientists 63 Establishing baseline relationships 63 Seeking evidence for early health effects of climate change 64 Developing scenario-based models (future effects) 66 Evaluating adaptation options 68 Estimating ancillary benefits and costs 70 Informing policy 70 Abstract: Climate change (CC) has a number of immediate and long-term impacts on the fundamental determinants of human health. A number of potential human health effects have been associated either directly or indirectly with global climate change. Vulnerability to the risks associated with CC may exacerbate

due to human activity. It is also becoming clear that climate change will affect health.This effect will be felt more strongly in some countries than others but there is a clear need to understand the likely effects in the UK in order to develop strategies to mitigate such effects and to understand Abstract: Climate change (CC) has a number of immediate and long-term impacts on the fundamental determinants of human health. A number of potential human health effects have been associated either directly or indirectly with global climate change. Vulnerability to the risks associated with CC may exacerbate

an impediment to continued health improvements in many parts of the world. If economic growth does not benefit the poor, the health effects of climate change will be exacerbated. In addition to their implications for climate change, essentially all the important climate-altering pollutants (CAPs) other than 01.02.2018 · Climate change affects the social and environmental determinants of health – clean air, safe drinking water, sufficient food and secure shelter. Between 2030 and 2050, climate change is expected to cause approximately 250 000 additional deaths per year, from malnutrition, malaria, diarrhoea and

Has observed climate change already been affecting human health? A growing number of studies present evidence for the effects of observed climate change on vector-borne and other infectious diseases. Although the literature to date does not constitute strong evidence of an impact of climate change on human vector-borne diseases (such as malaria), an impediment to continued health improvements in many parts of the world. If economic growth does not benefit the poor, the health effects of climate change will be exacerbated. In addition to their implications for climate change, essentially all the important climate-altering pollutants (CAPs) other than

Has observed climate change already been affecting human health? A growing number of studies present evidence for the effects of observed climate change on vector-borne and other infectious diseases. Although the literature to date does not constitute strong evidence of an impact of climate change on human vector-borne diseases (such as malaria), Information Paper: Human Health Vulnerability to Climate Change in Fiji 1 Climate change negativelyimpacts the basic determinants of human health- clean air, safe and sufficient water, food and shelter. Direct impacts of climate change on health include injury, disease and death from extreme heat and cold, cyclones, floodsand droughts.

Impacts of Climate Change on Human, Animal and Plant Health Adapting to Climate Change Maria Pittman Unit D1 – Animal Health & Standing Committees EU Health Policy Forum Brussels, 14 May 2009. Commission Staff Working Document Modelling of health effects such as forecasting of heat waves The effects of temperature on human health Tiina 1,2M Ikäheimo , Ph.D., Adjunct professor 1Center for Environmental andRespiratory Health Research, WHO Collaborating Center in Global Change, Environment and Public health, University of Oulu 2Institute ofHealth Sciences, University Oulu Photo: Ilpo Okkonen Oulu 28.10. 2014

Climate and Human Health National Institute of

effects of climate change on human health pdf

CLIMATE CHANGE QUESTIONNAIRE. processes. Climate and weather have always had a powerful impact on human health and well-being. But like other large natural systems, the global climate system is coming under pressure from human activities. Global climate change is, therefore, a newer challenge to ongoing efforts to protect human health., climate change will likely increase the number of people suffering from illness and injury due to floods, storms, droughts, and fires, as well as allergies and infectious diseases. This fact sheet describes some of the key ways in which climate change is expected to affect people’s health. Climate Change . and. Health Effects.

The effects of temperature on human health. 3. Impact of climate change on food security and health in Southern Africa Two of the most important issues impacted on by climate change described above in Southern Africa are food security and human health. Both have a direct and essential impact on human existence. Food security concerns the available amount of food for a certain purpose., and community health effects. The effects of climate change will not be spread evenly across the population, exacerbating existing socioeconomic and ethnic health inequalities. Well-designed policies to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions will not only limit climate change and reduce the associated risks to human health, but have the.

CLIMATE CHANGE AND HUMAN HEALTH

effects of climate change on human health pdf

Climate Change and Human Health SpringerLink. Climate Change and Health in Africa: Issues and Options C limate change is expected to alter temperature, air movements and precipitation in various ways and to varying degrees across Africa, and this will have important consequences for human health. Climate change effects on human health, along with the additional impact on the environment https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Effects_of_global_warming_on_humans 01.09.2012 · This is the third report on the health effects of climate change in the UK published by the Health Protection Agency (now Public Health England) in partnership with the Department of Health. This 2012 report complements the Health Sector report of the CCRA by providing scientific evidence of the wider risks to public health from climate change in the UK..

effects of climate change on human health pdf


Climate Change and Health in Africa: Issues and Options C limate change is expected to alter temperature, air movements and precipitation in various ways and to varying degrees across Africa, and this will have important consequences for human health. Climate change effects on human health, along with the additional impact on the environment Climate change threatens the health of people and communities by affecting exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity. Social determinants of health, such as those related to socioeconomic factors and health disparities, may amplify, or otherwise influence climate-related health effects, particularly when these factors occur simultaneously or

Information Paper: Human Health Vulnerability to Climate Change in Fiji 1 Climate change negativelyimpacts the basic determinants of human health- clean air, safe and sufficient water, food and shelter. Direct impacts of climate change on health include injury, disease and death from extreme heat and cold, cyclones, floodsand droughts. temperate climates and increased food production in certain areas, the overall health effects of a changing climate are likely to be overwhelmingly negative on human. Climate change affects social and environmental determinants of health – clean air, safe drinking water, sufficient food and secure shelter.

temperate climates and increased food production in certain areas, the overall health effects of a changing climate are likely to be overwhelmingly negative on human. Climate change affects social and environmental determinants of health – clean air, safe drinking water, sufficient food and secure shelter. and community health effects. The effects of climate change will not be spread evenly across the population, exacerbating existing socioeconomic and ethnic health inequalities. Well-designed policies to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions will not only limit climate change and reduce the associated risks to human health, but have the

Human activities are responsible for global climate change. Using general circulation models, it is estimated that surface temperatures in and around Japan … and community health effects. The effects of climate change will not be spread evenly across the population, exacerbating existing socioeconomic and ethnic health inequalities. Well-designed policies to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions will not only limit climate change and reduce the associated risks to human health, but have the

24.05.2018 · Does climate change affect human health? Climate change affects public health in many different ways. There are direct and indirect impacts, as well as those that occur immediately and those that occur over a longer period of time. We estimate that 150 000 deaths worldwide were caused by climate climate change will likely increase the number of people suffering from illness and injury due to floods, storms, droughts, and fires, as well as allergies and infectious diseases. This fact sheet describes some of the key ways in which climate change is expected to affect people’s health. Climate Change . and. Health Effects

Climate change poses a wide range of risks to population health – risks that will increase in future decades, often to critical levels, if global climate change continues on its current trajectory. The three main categories of health risks include: (i) direct-acting effects (e.g. due to heat waves, amplified air pollution, and physical Impacts of Climate Change on Human, Animal and Plant Health Adapting to Climate Change Maria Pittman Unit D1 – Animal Health & Standing Committees EU Health Policy Forum Brussels, 14 May 2009. Commission Staff Working Document Modelling of health effects such as forecasting of heat waves

Climate change poses a wide range of risks to population health – risks that will increase in future decades, often to critical levels, if global climate change continues on its current trajectory. The three main categories of health risks include: (i) direct-acting effects (e.g. due to heat waves, amplified air pollution, and physical The effects of temperature on human health Tiina 1,2M Ikäheimo , Ph.D., Adjunct professor 1Center for Environmental andRespiratory Health Research, WHO Collaborating Center in Global Change, Environment and Public health, University of Oulu 2Institute ofHealth Sciences, University Oulu Photo: Ilpo Okkonen Oulu 28.10. 2014

Uncertainty is a part of any planning for the future, perhaps more so with climate change than any other situation in recent history. while there is consensus on the broader potential health impacts of climate change on people, actual health outcomes for specific population groups are still largely unidentified. Climate change poses a wide range of risks to population health – risks that will increase in future decades, often to critical levels, if global climate change continues on its current trajectory. The three main categories of health risks include: (i) direct-acting effects (e.g. due to heat waves, amplified air pollution, and physical

an impediment to continued health improvements in many parts of the world. If economic growth does not benefit the poor, the health effects of climate change will be exacerbated. In addition to their implications for climate change, essentially all the important climate-altering pollutants (CAPs) other than States across the nation are taking action to reduce the effects of climate change on health. Adaptation in Action: Grantee Success Stories from CDC's Climate and Health Program (PDF) extends life expectancy, reduces human suffering and saves resources over the long term.

Impacts of Climate Change on Human, Animal and Plant Health Adapting to Climate Change Maria Pittman Unit D1 – Animal Health & Standing Committees EU Health Policy Forum Brussels, 14 May 2009. Commission Staff Working Document Modelling of health effects such as forecasting of heat waves States across the nation are taking action to reduce the effects of climate change on health. Adaptation in Action: Grantee Success Stories from CDC's Climate and Health Program (PDF) extends life expectancy, reduces human suffering and saves resources over the long term.

Climate change health effects in the UK GOV.UK

effects of climate change on human health pdf

Health Effects of Climate Change in the UK. processes. Climate and weather have always had a powerful impact on human health and well-being. But like other large natural systems, the global climate system is coming under pressure from human activities. Global climate change is, therefore, a newer challenge to ongoing efforts to protect human health., an impediment to continued health improvements in many parts of the world. If economic growth does not benefit the poor, the health effects of climate change will be exacerbated. In addition to their implications for climate change, essentially all the important climate-altering pollutants (CAPs) other than.

CLIMATE CHANGE AND ITS EFFECTS ON HUMANS

Impacts of Climate Change on Human Animal and Plant. 11.03.2006 · There are several limitations to the available information. First, most empirical climate-health studies and most national assessments of health risks from future climate change have been done in high-income countries. Second, the estimation of future health trends and effects is necessarily subject to various uncertainties., issues [notably ENSO and health products] (3) effects on health and productivity in the workplace [notably heat health]. 1. Climate Services for Health: Improving Public Health Decision Making in a new climate [case studies] Climate services are mission-oriented processes driven by societal needs, which result in the.

Uncertainty is a part of any planning for the future, perhaps more so with climate change than any other situation in recent history. while there is consensus on the broader potential health impacts of climate change on people, actual health outcomes for specific population groups are still largely unidentified. Global climate change is one of a larger set of large-scale environmental changes occurring in today’s world. These changes reflect, in various ways, the increasing human domination of the ecosphere, as human numbers continue their unprecedented expansion and as human economic activities intensify (Vitousek et al., 1997).

issues [notably ENSO and health products] (3) effects on health and productivity in the workplace [notably heat health]. 1. Climate Services for Health: Improving Public Health Decision Making in a new climate [case studies] Climate services are mission-oriented processes driven by societal needs, which result in the temperate climates and increased food production in certain areas, the overall health effects of a changing climate are likely to be overwhelmingly negative on human. Climate change affects social and environmental determinants of health – clean air, safe drinking water, sufficient food and secure shelter.

Human activities are responsible for global climate change. Using general circulation models, it is estimated that surface temperatures in and around Japan … 06.10.2005 · Interview with Dr. Paul Epstein on the effects of climate change on human health. (06:46) Download. In 1998, Hurricane Mitch dropped six feet of rain on Central America in three days. In its wake, the incidence of malaria, dengue fever, cholera, and leptospirosis soared.

Human activities are responsible for global climate change. Using general circulation models, it is estimated that surface temperatures in and around Japan … Climate change poses a wide range of risks to population health – risks that will increase in future decades, often to critical levels, if global climate change continues on its current trajectory. The three main categories of health risks include: (i) direct-acting effects (e.g. due to heat waves, amplified air pollution, and physical

and community health effects. The effects of climate change will not be spread evenly across the population, exacerbating existing socioeconomic and ethnic health inequalities. Well-designed policies to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions will not only limit climate change and reduce the associated risks to human health, but have the State of the Gulf of Maine Report: Climate Change and its Effects on Humans June 2010 Global climate scenarios examined by the IPCC (2007b) project global mean temperature increases varying between 1.1°C and 6.4°C by 2100. Observations at the regional and local level (North Eastern United States and Canadian Maritimes

06.10.2005 · Interview with Dr. Paul Epstein on the effects of climate change on human health. (06:46) Download. In 1998, Hurricane Mitch dropped six feet of rain on Central America in three days. In its wake, the incidence of malaria, dengue fever, cholera, and leptospirosis soared. 24.05.2018 · Does climate change affect human health? Climate change affects public health in many different ways. There are direct and indirect impacts, as well as those that occur immediately and those that occur over a longer period of time. We estimate that 150 000 deaths worldwide were caused by climate

climate change and health 61 Introduction 61 Tasks for public health scientists 63 Establishing baseline relationships 63 Seeking evidence for early health effects of climate change 64 Developing scenario-based models (future effects) 66 Evaluating adaptation options 68 Estimating ancillary benefits and costs 70 Informing policy 70 The effects of temperature on human health Tiina 1,2M Ikäheimo , Ph.D., Adjunct professor 1Center for Environmental andRespiratory Health Research, WHO Collaborating Center in Global Change, Environment and Public health, University of Oulu 2Institute ofHealth Sciences, University Oulu Photo: Ilpo Okkonen Oulu 28.10. 2014

Impacts of Climate Change on Human, Animal and Plant Health Adapting to Climate Change Maria Pittman Unit D1 – Animal Health & Standing Committees EU Health Policy Forum Brussels, 14 May 2009. Commission Staff Working Document Modelling of health effects such as forecasting of heat waves A Human Health Perspective On Climate Change: A Report Outlining the Research Needs on the Human Health Effects of Climate Change. is a publication of the . U.S. government. Publication of this report lies in the public domain and is therefore without copyright.

effects on marine ecosystems. Doctors for the Environment Australia has developed this fact sheet to outline the effects of climate change on human health particularly in Australia, and how health can benefit from efforts to lessen and prevent climate change Climate change is widely regarded as the biggest threat to health in the The effects of temperature on human health Tiina 1,2M Ikäheimo , Ph.D., Adjunct professor 1Center for Environmental andRespiratory Health Research, WHO Collaborating Center in Global Change, Environment and Public health, University of Oulu 2Institute ofHealth Sciences, University Oulu Photo: Ilpo Okkonen Oulu 28.10. 2014

09.09.2019 · The information on the health effects of climate change has been excerpted from the Third National Climate Assessment’s Health Chapterexternal icon. Climate change, together with other natural and human-made health stressors, influences human health and disease in numerous ways. Some existing an impediment to continued health improvements in many parts of the world. If economic growth does not benefit the poor, the health effects of climate change will be exacerbated. In addition to their implications for climate change, essentially all the important climate-altering pollutants (CAPs) other than

Human health and climate change in Pacific island countries

effects of climate change on human health pdf

Globalization Climate Change and Human Health NEJM. climate change and health 61 Introduction 61 Tasks for public health scientists 63 Establishing baseline relationships 63 Seeking evidence for early health effects of climate change 64 Developing scenario-based models (future effects) 66 Evaluating adaptation options 68 Estimating ancillary benefits and costs 70 Informing policy 70, A Human Health Perspective On Climate Change: A Report Outlining the Research Needs on the Human Health Effects of Climate Change. is a publication of the . U.S. government. Publication of this report lies in the public domain and is therefore without copyright..

Effects of global warming on humans Wikipedia. Human health and climate change in Pacific island countries, the product of collaboration between WHO and Pacific island countries and areas, assesses health vulnerabilities at the country level due to climate change., effects on marine ecosystems. Doctors for the Environment Australia has developed this fact sheet to outline the effects of climate change on human health particularly in Australia, and how health can benefit from efforts to lessen and prevent climate change Climate change is widely regarded as the biggest threat to health in the.

The effects of temperature on human health

effects of climate change on human health pdf

Climate change and human health — European Environment Agency. 3. Impact of climate change on food security and health in Southern Africa Two of the most important issues impacted on by climate change described above in Southern Africa are food security and human health. Both have a direct and essential impact on human existence. Food security concerns the available amount of food for a certain purpose. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Effects_of_Climate_Change_on_Island_Nations 06.10.2005 · Interview with Dr. Paul Epstein on the effects of climate change on human health. (06:46) Download. In 1998, Hurricane Mitch dropped six feet of rain on Central America in three days. In its wake, the incidence of malaria, dengue fever, cholera, and leptospirosis soared..

effects of climate change on human health pdf

  • CLIMATE CHANGE AND HUMAN HEALTH
  • Climate Change and Human Health NEJM

  • climate change will likely increase the number of people suffering from illness and injury due to floods, storms, droughts, and fires, as well as allergies and infectious diseases. This fact sheet describes some of the key ways in which climate change is expected to affect people’s health. Climate Change . and. Health Effects issues [notably ENSO and health products] (3) effects on health and productivity in the workplace [notably heat health]. 1. Climate Services for Health: Improving Public Health Decision Making in a new climate [case studies] Climate services are mission-oriented processes driven by societal needs, which result in the

    Has observed climate change already been affecting human health? A growing number of studies present evidence for the effects of observed climate change on vector-borne and other infectious diseases. Although the literature to date does not constitute strong evidence of an impact of climate change on human vector-borne diseases (such as malaria), Climate change threatens the health of people and communities by affecting exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity. Social determinants of health, such as those related to socioeconomic factors and health disparities, may amplify, or otherwise influence climate-related health effects, particularly when these factors occur simultaneously or

    Uncertainty is a part of any planning for the future, perhaps more so with climate change than any other situation in recent history. while there is consensus on the broader potential health impacts of climate change on people, actual health outcomes for specific population groups are still largely unidentified. 01.02.2018 · Climate change affects the social and environmental determinants of health – clean air, safe drinking water, sufficient food and secure shelter. Between 2030 and 2050, climate change is expected to cause approximately 250 000 additional deaths per year, from malnutrition, malaria, diarrhoea and

    Human activities are responsible for global climate change. Using general circulation models, it is estimated that surface temperatures in and around Japan … climate change and health 61 Introduction 61 Tasks for public health scientists 63 Establishing baseline relationships 63 Seeking evidence for early health effects of climate change 64 Developing scenario-based models (future effects) 66 Evaluating adaptation options 68 Estimating ancillary benefits and costs 70 Informing policy 70

    due to human activity. It is also becoming clear that climate change will affect health.This effect will be felt more strongly in some countries than others but there is a clear need to understand the likely effects in the UK in order to develop strategies to mitigate such effects and to understand A Human Health Perspective On Climate Change: A Report Outlining the Research Needs on the Human Health Effects of Climate Change. is a publication of the . U.S. government. Publication of this report lies in the public domain and is therefore without copyright.

    due to human activity. It is also becoming clear that climate change will affect health.This effect will be felt more strongly in some countries than others but there is a clear need to understand the likely effects in the UK in order to develop strategies to mitigate such effects and to understand 3. Impact of climate change on food security and health in Southern Africa Two of the most important issues impacted on by climate change described above in Southern Africa are food security and human health. Both have a direct and essential impact on human existence. Food security concerns the available amount of food for a certain purpose.

    Overview of Climate Change Impacts on Human Health in the Pacific Region National Centre for Epidemiology & Population Health 5 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We thank Marijia Apostoloska (medical student, University of Tasmania), Hayley Engel, Haiyao He, Jana Li, Agnes Luty, Rajivi Prematunga, and Paris Ramrakha (medical students, Australian National 24.05.2018 · Does climate change affect human health? Climate change affects public health in many different ways. There are direct and indirect impacts, as well as those that occur immediately and those that occur over a longer period of time. We estimate that 150 000 deaths worldwide were caused by climate

    Global climate change is one of a larger set of large-scale environmental changes occurring in today’s world. These changes reflect, in various ways, the increasing human domination of the ecosphere, as human numbers continue their unprecedented expansion and as human economic activities intensify (Vitousek et al., 1997). Climate change poses a wide range of risks to population health – risks that will increase in future decades, often to critical levels, if global climate change continues on its current trajectory. The three main categories of health risks include: (i) direct-acting effects (e.g. due to heat waves, amplified air pollution, and physical

    temperate climates and increased food production in certain areas, the overall health effects of a changing climate are likely to be overwhelmingly negative on human. Climate change affects social and environmental determinants of health – clean air, safe drinking water, sufficient food and secure shelter. 16.11.2017 · Abstract. The impact of climate change has been considerably enough to threaten human health both directly and indirectly through increasing temperatures, rising sea levels, water and food supply impacts, extreme weather events like floods, droughts, earthquakes, etc., susceptible shelter and population migration.

    temperate climates and increased food production in certain areas, the overall health effects of a changing climate are likely to be overwhelmingly negative on human. Climate change affects social and environmental determinants of health – clean air, safe drinking water, sufficient food and secure shelter. Fact Sheet: Health Effects of Climate Change National Institutes of Health (NIH) Climate change 2014: impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability World Health Organization (WHO) Human Health GlobalChange.gov, United States Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) A Human Health Perspective on Climate Change (PDF, 4.8 MB)

    States across the nation are taking action to reduce the effects of climate change on health. Adaptation in Action: Grantee Success Stories from CDC's Climate and Health Program (PDF) extends life expectancy, reduces human suffering and saves resources over the long term. 01.02.2018 · Climate change affects the social and environmental determinants of health – clean air, safe drinking water, sufficient food and secure shelter. Between 2030 and 2050, climate change is expected to cause approximately 250 000 additional deaths per year, from malnutrition, malaria, diarrhoea and